Major cities and places - St-Petersburg
Area: 606 sq km
Location: Located at the mouth of the Neva River and across the islands of its delta on the coast of the Finnish Gulf.
Population: approx 4,600,000
Foundation: May 1703, by Peter the Great
City code: 812
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Saint Petersburg is a very young city compared to old European capitals and, probably, the only city in the world that has acquired so much historic significance in such a short time. It was founded in 1703 by Tsar Peter the Great as an outlet to the sea, which was very important for Russia's future development from both strategic and economical points of view. Saint Petersburg was considered to be "a key for paradise" for the Russian Empire, so the city's name is very symbolic: it was called in honor of Saint Peter, who, as we know from the Holy Bible, was a keeper of the keys from the paradise.
Saint Petersburg today is one of the most important cultural, scientific and industrial cities in Russia, housing several hundred of museums and exhibition halls. Great Russian and foreign artists, poets, writers and composers admired the beauty of Saint Petersburg and commemorated it in their works. There are few other cities that can offer so many stunning attractions and intriguing moods as St. Petersburg the City of Tsars.
There are two air terminals in St.Petersburg: Pulkovo-1 and Pulkovo-2 and 5 railway stations.
The Hermitage collection includes approximately 3 million displays representing the cultural and arts from prehistoric ages to modern times from around the world. Inside of the former official residence of the Russian Tsars, visitors can see works by Leonardo da Vinci, Rafael, Titian, Rembrandt, Rubens and other masters. The Hermitage boasts one of the world’s finest collection of work by Dutch 17th century artists and a great collection of French 19-20th century paintings. The museum also keeps unique collection of Scythian gold and Greek jewelry.
The Russian Museum - Mikhalovsky Palace
The main building of the Russian Museum is situated on the Square of Arts in the centre of the city. Built to the design of the celebrated architect Carlo Rossi between 1819 and 1825, the Palace is a masterpiece of Russian Neoclassical architecture. There are works of many prominent Russian artists – Andrei Rublev, Dionisius,Fedot Shubin, Dmitry Levitsky, Vladimi Borovikovsky, Karl Brullov, Fidelio Bruni, Orest Kiprensky, Alexander Ivanov, Ilya Repin, Mikhail Vrubel, Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin among others.
St.Isaac’s Cathedral is considered to be one of the most majestic cathedrals in Russia. It is one of the largest domed buildings in the world along with St.Peter’s in Rome and and St.Paul’s in London. Contained herein is the unique collection of the monumental religious-historical paintings from the middle of the nineteenth century . This cathedral is decorated by the 112 monolithic granite columns of different sizes. A wide variety of beautiful stones (marble, malachite and lazurite) are used in the interior.
Smolny Cathedral is one of the beautiful monuments of Russian baroque of mid-XVIII century. The construction of Smolny Cathedral began in 1748, during the reign of the empress Elizaveta Petrovna, and proceeded for many decades. The architect Vasily Stasov finished construction of this temple in 1832-1835.
A lot of famous symphonic and chamber orchestras as well as ourtstanding vocalists and children's choruses give concerts here. The concert program of Smolny cathedral takes a significant place in the cultural life of Saint-Petersburg. Different festivals of choral music, international congresses and large cultural events are held here.
Church of the Rusurrection of Christ
The cathedral Church of the Saviour on the Spilled Blood is a unique monument executed in accordance with the traditions of Moscow and Yaroslavl architecture of the XVI-XVII centuies and art of the end of the XIX century. It is the only orthodox cathedral whose mosaic decorations size is 7065 square meters.
The brilliant palace and park ansemble of Petergof, created at the will of Peter the Great as a counterpart of Versailles , is situated on the southern shore of the Gulf of Finland. For 200 years it served as a summer residence of the Russian monarchs.
The Peterhof ensemble includes the Upper and the Lower Parks with 150 amazing fountains. The Petergof system of water supply was unequalled for its time. At the edge of the 16-metre high natural terrace soars the Great Palace - the focal print designed by Rasrelli.
Saint-Petersburg for 3, 4, 5 days
Moscow for 3, 4, 5 days
St. Petersburg – Moscow, 7 days
Standard Golden Ring, 7 days
Big Golden Ring of Russia, 9 days
Trans-Siberian Express, 12 days (St. Petersburg - Moscow - Irkutsk - Lake - Baikal - Khabarovsk)
St. Petersburg – Lake Baikal, 8 days (St. Petersburg – Ekaterinburg – Lake Baikal)
St. Petersburg – Novgorod, 4 days
Cruise St. Petersburg – Mandrogi – Kizhi – Valaam, 3 days
Cruise St. Petersburg – Valaam, 1 day
Cruise St. Petersburg – Moscow, 5 days
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